Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution

Author(s): Peter Kropotkin

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In a work of stunning and well-reasoned scholarship, a famous anarchist posits that the most effective human and animal communities are essentially cooperative, rather than competitive. Essential to the understanding of human evolution as well as social organization, this book offers a powerful counterpoint to the tenets of Social Darwinism.


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Preface to the 1914 Edition Introduction I.-II. Mutual Aid Among Animals III. Mutual Aid Among Savages IV. Mutual Aid Among the Barbarians V.-VI. Mutual Aid in the Mediaeval City VII.-VIII. Mutual Aid Amongst Ourselves Conclusion Appendix A I. Swarms of Butterflies, Dragon-flies, etc. II. The Ants III. Nesting Associations IV. Sociability of Animals V. Checks to Over-Multiplication VI. Adaptations to Avoid Competition VII. The Origin of the Family VIII. Destruction of Private Property on the Grave IX. The "Undivided Family" X. The Origin of the Guilds XI. The Market and the Mediaeval City XII. Mutual-Aid Arrangements in the Villages of Netherlands at the Present Day Appendix B The Struggle for Existence in Human Society by Thomas H. Huxley Index

General Fields

  • : 9780486449135
  • : Dover Publications, Incorporated
  • : Dover Publications, Incorporated
  • : April 2006
  • : 210mm X 165mm X 18mm
  • : United States
  • : books

Special Fields

  • : Peter Kropotkin
  • : Paperback
  • : English
  • : 302.14
  • : 336