Author(s): Graeme Ball
The first section of Expanding World, New Country, (EWNC) tracks the transformation from the earliest origins in the long-range Polynesian migrations, which brought the ancestors of the Maori to New Zealand. The text draws on the latest scientific, archaeological and ethnographic research. The next section looks at the development of Maori society through the colonisation, transitional and traditional phases. Shifting focus to Europe with an overview of the 'Age of Discovery' and the Enlightenment, progressing through to Cook's voyages of exploration to New Zealand. The fourth section explores the arrival of, and Maori interaction with, those who came to exploit the country's resources. In the fifth section the text explores the two sides of understandings held on what the Treaty document said and the ongoing implications this had. With the end of unified Maori resistance, the government confiscated land and introduced laws further breaking down Maori communal ownership of land and transferring vast quantities to settler ownership. The loss of this economic base accelerated Maori marginalisation as settler numbers boomed. For Maori, the post-wars' period becomes one of adjustment to the increasing loss of autonomy, witnessed through the rise of both prophet movements and political efforts. The final section begins by looking at the socio-economic and political inequalities in Britain, exacerbated by the Industrial Revolution. Once here, attention is turned to the nature of both the settlements formed and the values, institutions and expectations of the new New Zealanders, including gender roles, class, societal structure and relationships with the State. Expanding World chapters were extensively reviewed by historians at transcript stage, see Features for more details.